TU Delft
Year
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NEDERLANDSENGLISH
Organization
2016/2017 Civil Engineering and Geosciences Bachelor Applied Earth Sciences
AESB1240-14
Introduction to Minerals, Mining and Geo-engineering
ECTS: 5
Responsible Instructor
Name E-mail
Dr.ir. D.J.M. Ngan-Tillard    D.J.M.Ngan-Tillard@tudelft.nl
Contact Hours / Week x/x/x/x
x/7/x/x
Education Period
2
Start Education
2
Exam Period
2
3
Course Language
English
Expected prior knowledge
- Geology 1
- Highschool Mechanics
Course Contents
Geo-engineering part:
- Geohazards
- Basic characteristics of soils (plasticity, grain size, porosity, densities, phase relationships)
- Properties of soil and rock materials (strength, deformability, permeability and environmental reactivity)
- Properties of discontinuities and discontinuous rock masses (strength and deformability)
- Basic ground engineering (foundation engineering, tunnelling and slope engineering)
- Site investigation techniques, and approach to site investigation

Minerals + Mining part:
- Mineral resources, Mineral resource markets and Mining related risks
- Ore deposit styles
- The value chain of Mining
- Mine mapping (Principles of construction and interpretation)
- Introduction to Surface Mining methods
- Introduction to Underground Mining Methods
- Introduction to Processing and metallurgy
Course Contents Continuation
The studyload is in total 140 hours, divided as follows:
80 contact hours (35 Hours Geo-Engineering, 35 Hours Mining + Minerals and 10 hours TBM lectures– library skills and report writing).
60 hours self-study, working in groups and independently on assignments. The 60 hours self-study should be approximately investigated as follows:
Geo-engineering part:
- Preparing oral presentation 6 hours
- Report writing and literature study 8 hours
- Studying material 16 hours
Resource part:
- Preparing oral presentation 6 hours
- Report writing, literature study and preparing for oral individual assessment on report 16 hours
- Studying material 8 hours

The course follows a project-based education. Students work in small groups on several projects. Each project is supported with an introductory lecture, selected readings, an individual literature search and review. It counts a number of short assignments. Its results are presented orally and in poster or in reports. The style of the reports varies from a bullet list or a cross-section to a complete technical report. For the soft skills needed, students get lectures and feedback by a teacher of TBM on library skills and report writing. All lectures are compulsory. Two abscences with a valid excuse are accepted.
Study Goals
Students are able to explain the role of a Geo-engineer and a Mining engineer in the Construction Industry and, respectively, Mineral Resource Industry.

Students are able to use their geological knowledge to identify geo-risks associated to a variety of geo-engineering projects in a contrasting range of environments.

Students understand mineral resource extraction as an integration of different disciplines along the value chain of mining. Based on geological knowledge students understand the transformation process from mineral occurrences to final marketable products and are able to perform key mine design calculation leading to basic mine design decisions.

Students have obtained a variety of soft skills such as oral presentation, report writing and literature search. For further information, refer to Academic skills.
Study Goals continuation
Geo-engineering part:

Knowledge
- Students are able to define the role of the geo-engineer in the construction industry.
- Students are able to differentiate between ground properties and ground parameters and between rock material and rock mass properties.
- Students are able to define basic terminology related to ground engineering.
- Students are able to explain the applicability of most common construction techniques.
- Students are able to describe at least two site investigation techniques and explain, with own words, their applicability.

Skills
- Students are able to describe soils and rocks according to a given standard.
- Students are able to predict the characteristic properties of different soils and rocks, included those of several troublesome soils.
- Students are able to derive relevant ground parameters from test data using simple models (Mohr Coulomb criterion of failure, Hooke’s law).
- Students are able to calculate, in simple situations, rock block stability and stabilization and pile foundation levels
- For idealized situations, students are able to combine tectonic, geomorphological and geological models and basic ground engineering knowledge to identify geo-hazards and geo-engineering concerns associated to a construction project. They are able to predict general site conditions. They recognize the importance of case histories.
- Students are able to design a site investigation taking into account site conditions.

Minerals + Mining part:

Knowledge
- Students are able to explain the role of the Mining/Minerals Engineer in the context of the global Minerals/Mining Industry.
- Students are able to explain basic terminology related to Mineral Resources and Reserves.

Skills
- Student are able to identify factors of business risk in mining.
- Students are able to relate critical engineering and geoscience disciplines to particular elements of the value chain in mining.
- Students are able to link ore deposit style and characteristics with typical surface and underground mining methods using basic concepts in geology and rock mechanics.
- Students are able to perform simple break-even calculations for critical mine design parameters.
- Students are able to predict geological resources, extractable reserves and the related economic indicators based on simple 2D - exploration data and maps about a deposit and a given mining method.

Soft skills
- Students are able to synthesize the results of their literature research in a poster and answer questions about this poster.
- Students are able to synthesize results in a technical report with proper structure, references to source documents, figures and tables.
- Students should be able to independently find relevant literature for conducting a research on a certain topic

Attitude
- Students take own responsibility in finding literature references.
- Students work efficiently in assigned groups by the lecturer; they work together and delegate tasks; they are accountable to their group; and deal with limitations of fellow group members.
- Students participate actively by asking questions to fellow students in the poster presentations (conference style)
Education Method
Geo-engineering part:
The course will introduce a methodology to identify geo-hazards related to civil enginerring projects and design site investigations to reduce risks during and after construction. The methodology is presented and applied step by step during case studies. Soil mechanics, rock mechanics and engineering geology topics that are relevant to the cases are taught.
The best location(s) for a warehouse in meandering river deposits and dams in folded and faulted rocks are selected based on the analysis of a simplified geological map, boreholes and in situ tests. CPT profiles made in the Netherlands are analyzed in terms of soil type, geological environment and bearing capacity. Pile foundation levels are determined. Best types of construction (tunnel, cutting, bridge, or embankment) are chosen for a line infrastructure in an exotic country and a site investigation is designed. The deviation of troublesome soils from “textbook” soils is also investigated.

Mining part:
The course will introduce mining as a business and the need of integrating several different disciplines along the min value chain. It stresses the uniqueness of this industry compared to other manufactory ventures in terms of the preliminary production factor ore body. Based on different ore body styles the course will discuss different mining methods for open pit and underground mining operations and evaluate their applicability factors. Key decisions in mine design, in particular the concept of economic cut-off grade definition and and the optimal pit depth determination, will be discussed.
Literature and Study Materials
Hand-outs and reference textbooks:
- Foundations of Engineering Geology by Tony Waltham (Paperback)-See MV
- Fookes: Total Engineering Geological Approach, Geo-engineering 2000, Sidney, Australia
- Introductory Mining Engineering. John Wiley and Sons Inc., Hartmann, H.L. and Mutmansky, J.M., 2002
- SME Mining Engineering Handbook, Third Edition, Edited by Peter Darling, Published by SME - 2011
Assessment
Geo-engineering part:
- intermediate project outputs (assessed as sufficient or not sufficient, formative assignments) including self and peer reviews
- the oral presentation of a poster on a problematic ground (10%)
- the written report accompanying the poster on a problematic ground (10%)
- exam* (20%): 1.5 hour written exam.
- re-exam* (20%): 1.5 hour

Mining+Minerals part:
- intermediate project outputs (assessed as sufficient or not sufficient)
- the presentation of a poster on ore body styles, related mining methods and typical business cases in a group (5%)
- the written final report on resource/reserve evaluation project in groups of 3 to 5 students with an oral individual assessment and feedback/discussion (15 %)
- exam* (20%): 1.5 hour written exam
- re-exam* (20%): 1.5 hour

Note that a minimum of 5 for the combined Geo-engineering and Mining+Minerals exams is required to pass the course.

The items mentioned above are all assessed on content, whereas the quality of the research and report are assessed by a teacher from TBM as follows:

Soft skills:

- quality of literature research (on-line test, sufficient/ not sufficient)
- structure, layout and quality of written reports (5% for report of problematic grounds, 15% for lignite mine report)
- attendance to support classes on working as a group.

exam* and re-exam*:
Students are eligible to take the exam if they fulfill the following conditions:
- they scored at least a five for each of the works graded from 0 to 10
- they scored at least 70% of “sufficient” for the intermediate project outputs for both the Geo-engineering part and the Mining+Minerals part
- they passed the on line literature skill test
- their attendance to the AESB1240 lectures is adequate. Two absences with a valid excuse are accepted for each of the 3 parts of the course.
- their attendance to the "Support group meetings" is adequate.

The same conditions apply to the re-exam.
Permitted Materials during Tests
None
Tags
Geo Engineering
Geology
Group work
Modelling
Process
Soil Mechanics
Expected prior Knowledge
- Geology 1
- Highschool Mechanics
Academic Skills
Soft skills
- Students are able to synthesize the results of their literature research in a poster and answer questions about this poster.
- Students are able to synthesize results in a technical report with proper structure, references to source documents, figures and tables.
- Students should be able to independently find relevant literature for conducting a research on a certain topic

Attitude
- Students participate actively during interactive lectures.
- Students take own responsibility in finding literature references.
- Students work efficiently in assigned groups by the lecturer; they work together and delegate tasks; they are accountable to their group; and deal with limitations of fellow group members.
- Students participate actively by asking questions to fellow students in the poster presentations (conference style)

Literature & Study Materials
Hand-outs and reference textbooks:
- Foundations of Engineering Geology by Tony Waltham (Paperback)-See MV
- Fookes: Total Engineering Geological Approach, Geo-engineering 2000, Sidney, Australia
- Introductory Mining Engineering. John Wiley and Sons Inc., Hartmann, H.L. and Mutmansky, J.M., 2002
- SME Mining Engineering Handbook, Third Edition, Edited by Peter Darling, Published by SME - 2011
Judgement
Students are graded for their continuous work, several poster presentations and reports, and their written exam(see above). Soft skills are assessed by TBM teacher, content is assessed by Geo-engineering/ Resource Engineering.
Permitted Materials during Exam
None
Collegerama
No